RULERS OF TAMILNADU

From 6th century to 1948

Tamilnadu has been ruled by a long list of illustrious rulers for nearly a thousand years. Here we attempt to provide a chronological listing of the rulers from 6th Century AD, compiled from authentic works on Tamilnadu History.

Tamil Nadu's history dates back pre-historic times and archaeological evidence points to this area being one of the longest continuous habitations in India. From early pre-history Tamil Nadu was the home of the three famous kingdoms of the Chera, the Chola and the Pandya. The ancient Tamil literature points to an ancient civilisation lasting since the dawn of time.

The Sangam literature has numerous mentions of the kings and princes who ruled this region. Scholars now generally agree that this literature belongs to the first few centuries CE. The Sangam literature is full of names of the kings and the princes, and of the poets who extolled them. The early Cholas reigned between 1st and 4th centuries CE. The first and the most famous king of this period was Karikala Chola, who expanded the Chola territories up to Kanchipuram. The Cholas occupied the present Thanjavur and Tiruchirappali districts and excelled in military exploits. In the height of their glory, the Chola kings had spread their influence as far as Ceylon (SriLanka) in the south and hundreds of kilometers across the northern region. The early Cholas went into decline around the third century CE, when the Tamil country was invaded by Kalabhras who defeated the Tamil kingdoms and ruled for almost three centuries. They were defeated and the expelled in the sixth century by the Pallavas in the north and the Pandyas in the south.

Temple builders
Around 580 CE, the Pallavas, great temple builders, emerged into prominence and dominated the south for another 150 years. They ruled a large portion of Tamil Nadu with Kanchipuram as their base. They subjugated the Cholas and reigned as far as the Kaveri River. Among the greatest Pallava rulers were Mahendravarman I and his son Narasimhavarman I. Dravidian architecture reached its epitome during Pallava rule. The Cholas again rose to power by the 9th century. Under Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas rose as a notable power in Asia. The Chola Empire stretched as far as Bengal. Rajaraja Chola conquered peninsular South India, and annexed parts of Sri Lanka. Rajendra Chola's navies went beyond, occupying coastal Burma, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya in South East Asia and Pegu islands. He defeated Mahipala, the king of the Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital called Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Chola armies exacted tribute from Thailand and Cambodia.


First PANDYA Kings

  • 590 - 620      kadungkon
  • 620 - 645      Maravarman- Avani Soolamani
  • 645 - 670      Arikesari Parangkusan
  • 700 - 730      Kochadaiyan Ranatheeran
  • 730 - 765      Maravarman Rajasimman I
  • 765 - 815      Parantaka Nedunchadayan
  • 815 - 835      Varagunan I
  • 835 - 862      Seemara Seevallapan
  • 862 - 880      Varagunan II
  • 885 - 895      Parantaka Veera Narayanan
  • 905 - 920      Rajasimman II
  • .............           Veerapandiyan
  • 1190 - 1216  Sadaiyavarman kulasekaran
  • 1216 - 1238  Maravarman Sundarapandiyan I
  • 1238 - 1251  Maravarman Sundarapandiyan II
  • 1268 - 1271  Sadaiyavarman Sundarapandiyan I
  • 1253 - 1274  Sadaiyavarman Veerapandiyan
  • 1268 - 1310  Maravarma Kulasekara Pandiyan

Later PALLAVAS

  • ......... . . ..     Simmavarman III
  • 575 – 610  Simma vishnuvarman
  • 610 - 630   Mahendiravarman I
  • 630 - 668   Narasimmavarman I
  • 668 - 669   Narasimmavarman II
  • 669 - 690   Parameswaravarman I
  • 690 -728    Narasimmavarman II
  • 729 - 731   Parameswaran II
  • 731 - 796   Nandivarman II
  • 796 - 846   Nandivarman
  • 846 - 869   Nandivarman III
  • 869 - 913   Nirupathungavarman
  • ......... ..        Aparajitavarman

  CHOZA kings

  • 907 - 990      Parantaka Chozan I
  • 956 - 957      Kandarathitan
  • 956 - 957      Arinjiya Chozan
  • ........ .             Uttama Chozan
  • ........ .             Sundara Chozan
  • 985 - 1014    Rajarajan I
  • 1012 - 1044  Rajendiran I
  • 1070 - 1120  Kulothungan I
  • 1118 - 1132  Vikkirama Chozan
  • 1133 - 1150  Kulottungan II
  • 1150 - 1163  Rajarajan II
  • 1163 - 1179  Rajarajan III
  • 1179 - 1216  Kulottungan III

Mohammadian Kings

  • 1296 -1315 Allauddin kilji - Mallikkapur
  • 1317            Mubaarak shah - kusrukhan
  • 1323            Kiyasuddin Tughlak

Sultans of Madurai (1338 – 1378)

  • .......                 Jallaludin Asanshah
  • .. ....                 Kudhpudin
  • ... ...                 Kiyasuddin
  • 1341 - 1356  Nazeeruddin
  • 1356 - 1361  Adillshah
  • 1361 -1370   Bakrutin Mubarak shah
  • 1370 - 1377  Alavudin Sikkanadar

1336 - 1565 / Vijayanakar Kings

1336 – 1672    Sankagama vamsam /dynasty
1321 - 1339    Ekambara Nathar
…………....       Hariharar Pukkar
1485 – 1505    Sajava vamsam /dynasty
1505 - 1615     Tuluva vamsam /dynasty
1565 - 1672    Araveedu vamsam /dynasty

மதுரை நாயக்கர்கள் / NAYAKKARS of Madurai

  • . . . . . .....          Namaga Nayakkar
  • 1529 -1564    Visvanatha Nayakkar
  • 1564 - 1572   Krishnappa Nayakkar I
  • 1572 - 1595   Veerappa Nayakkar
  • 1595 - 1601   Krishnappa Nayakkar II
  • 1601 - 1609   Muthu krishnappa Nayakkar
  • 1609 - 1623   Muthu Veerappa Nayakkar
  • 1623 - 1659   Tirumalai Nayakkar
  • 1659..              Muthu Veerappa Nayakkar II
  • 1659 - 1682   Chokkanatha Nayakkar
  • 1682 - 1689   Muthu Veerappa Nayakkar III
  • 1689 - 1706   Rani Mangammal
  • 1706 - 1732  Vijayaranga Chokka Natha Nayakkar

தஞ்சை நாயக்கர்கள் /NAYAKKARS of Tanjore

  • 1532 - 1560 Sevvappa Nayakkar
  • 1560 - 1600 Acchutappa Nayakkar
  • 1600 - 1632 Ragunatha  Nayakkar
  • 1633 - 1673 Vijayaraghava Nayakkar

செஞ்சி நாயக்கர்கள் / NAYYAKARS of Gingee

  • 1526 - 1541  Vaiyappa Nayakkar
  • 1541 - 1544  Petha krishnappa Nayakkar
  • 1541 - 1567  Soorappa Nayakkar
  • 1567 - 1575  Krishnappa Nayakkar I
  • 1580 -1593   Vaiyappa krishnappa kondama Nayakkar
  • ........ .              krishnappa Nayakkar II

இராமநாதபுரம் சேதுபதிகள் / SETHUPATIS of RAMANATHAPURAM

  • 1605 - 1622 Sadaikkathevar
  • 1622 - 1636 Koothan Sethupathi
  • 1636 - 1645 Sadaikkathevar II
  • 1645 - 1670 Raghunatha Sethupathi
  • .......                Suriya Thevar,Anthana Thevar
  • ........... .           Raghunatha Thevar (Kezhavan Sethupathi)
  • 1700 - 1720 Vijayaraghunatha Sethupati
  • .............          Bhavani Sankara Thevar Sethupathi
  • 1720 – 1803 Kattappa Thevar,
  •  ......... ..          Sivakumara Muthu,
  •  ...........           Vijaya Raghunatha Thevar
  • ............           Ranjath Thevar , Sellath Thevar ,
  • ............           Muthu Ramalinga Thevar,
  • .......                Mangaleswara Nachiyar , Annasami Thevar

தஞ்சை மராட்டியர்கள் / MARATTIYARS of Tanjore

  • 1675 - 1684  Vengkoji
  • 1694 -1712   Shaji
  • 1712 - 1728  Serfoji
  • 1728 - 1736  Tukhoji
  • 1737.......        Baba Saheb, Kattu Raja (Shaji)i
  • 1738.......        Saiyaji
  • 1739 - 1763  Prathap Singh
  • 1763 - 1787  Tulajajji
  • 1787 - 1798  Amar singh
  • 1798 - 1833  Serfoji  II
  • 1833 - 1855  Sivaji

புதுக்கோட்டை தொண்டைமான்கள் / THONTAIMANS of PUDUKOTTAI

  • 1730 - 1769  Vijaya Raghunatha Thondaiman
  • 1769 - 1789  Raya Raghunatha Thondaiman
  • 1807 - 1825  Raja Vijaya Raghu Natha Raya Thondaiman
  • 1825 - 1839  Raja Raghunatha Thondaiman Bahadur
  • 1839 - 1886  Raja Ramachandra Thondaiman Bahadur
  • 1886 - 1928  Marthanda Bairavath Thondaiman Bahadur
  • 1928 - 1948  Raja Raja Gopala Thondaiman